Complete Guide to Self-Screening for Oral Cancers

Examine yourself in the mirror with a bright light

Lip Examination

Use bi-digital palpation, a tactile method of oral examination in which you use your thumb and forefinger to feel for any hard lumps or areas of soreness. Pinch your lip by placing your pointer finger on the inside of your mouth, and your thumb on the outside. Apply moderate pressure, pressing the lip tissue between your finger and thumb.

Cheeks examination

Using the same bi-digital palpation,  feel your cheeks. Feel for any hard lumps or areas of soreness.Examine the insides of your cheeks for red, white or dark patches

Floor of the mouth examination

The floor of your mouth  is the area under your tongue. This is to be examined by  bimanual palpation.  Place the pointer finger of one hand under your tongue, while pressing up with the thumb of the other hand on the outside of the jaw. Directly oppose the finger in your mouth. Feel for any hard lumps or areas of soreness. Press firmly.

Tongue examination

Use bi-digital palpation to feel your tongue. Stick your tongue out and palpate the body of the tongue, feeling for lumps or areas of soreness.Stick your tongue out, grab the tip, and look at each side for any lesions

Oropharyngeal examination

Oropharynx is the region of posterior 1/3 rd of your tongue, soft palte and tonsillar region.Stick your tongue out, say “Ahh,” and look at your oropharyngeal area, for any inflammation or sores

 The Roof of Mouth examination

Tilt your head back and look at the roof of your mouth. Look for sores, inflammation, discolouration

Gums examination

Pull out your lips and take a close look at your gums for any sores/ discolouration

Neck examination

Feel for lumps or enlarged lymph nodes (glands) in both sides of the neck, including under the lower jaw

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